6. Investments and Revenues

Exchange rates

Revenues are given in Euros adjusted for purchasing power (EUR/PPP) to account for differences in price levels across the countries.

Nominal exchange rates:

-Source: European Central Bank
-Average exchange rate: 1 January - 31 December 2020

Nominal exchange rates

Purchasing power parity (PPP):

-Source: Eurostat, Purchasing power parities, price level indices and real expenditures for ESA 2010 aggregates
-EUR/PPP rates for each country are calculated based on price levels relative to EU27_2020=1.

Purchasing power parity (PPP)